Interleukin-8 (CXCL8) in tumor associated non-vascular extracellular fluids: its diagnostic and prognostic values. A review


Interleukin-8 (IL-8, CXCL8) was originally discovered as a powerful attractor and activator of polymorphonuclear leukocytes. It was soon recognized that IL-8 also affects proliferation and migration of cancer cells, tumor angiogenesis and metastasis, and that it is expressed in many cancerous cell types. IL-8 protein expression is usually increased in serum of cancer patients, but markedly higher concentrations are found in cancer-associated non-vascular extracellular fluids, such as pleural effusion, ascites and cyst fluid. Elevated concentrations of IL-8 are indicative of malignant processes also in cerebrospinal fluid, urine, saliva, interstitial fluid and cervicovaginal secretions. Higher IL-8 levels are typically found in high-grade peritumoral fluids rather than low-grade tumors and benign conditions, with the exception of inflammatory processes. In line with recent molecular biology investigations, it appears that the local IL-8 production is related to its malignant origin and to tumor progression. Hence, IL-8 in peritumoral fluid is to be taken into consideration while assessing tumor character and monitoring the tumor progression/remission status. Besides, the data here collected justify the attempts to find an IL-8-targeted inhibitory therapy.

Int J Biol Markers 2012; 27(3): 169 - 178

Article Type: REVIEW



Jaromír Kotyza

Article History

This article is available as full text PDF.

  • If you are a Subscriber, please log in now.

  • Article price: Eur 36,00
  • You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.
  • If you are not a Subscriber you may:
  • Subscribe to this journal
  • Unlimited access to all our archives, 24 hour a day, every day of the week.


  • Kotyza, Jaromír [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
    Institute of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty in Pilsen, Charles University - Czech Republic

Article usage statistics

The blue line displays unique views in the time frame indicated.
The yellow line displays unique downloads.
Views and downloads are counted only once per session.

No supplementary material is available for this article.